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Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Management of Renal Stones in Children: Does Anesthesia Affect the Treatment Outcomes on an Age Based Manner ?

Mon, 05/22/2017 - 00:00
To evaluate beneficial effect of anaesthesia on extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) in children older than nine years.
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Morcellation Efficiency in Holmium Laser Enucleation of the Prostate: Oscillating Morcellator Outperforms Reciprocating Morcellator with No Apparent Learning Curve

Fri, 05/19/2017 - 00:00
To compare the morcellation efficiency of the Wolf® Piranha™ oscillating morcellator to the Lumenis® VersaCut™ reciprocating morcellator.
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Retroperitoneal Compartment Syndrome in Renal Transplantation, How to Salvage the Graft?

Fri, 05/19/2017 - 00:00
Background: Early Allograft Dysfunction (EAD) may be caused by several technical factors including vascular complications such as thrombosis, kinking, or extrinsic compression. Renal Allograft Compartment Syndrome (RACS) is an unrecognized cause of EAD. This complication is characterized by increased pressure of the iliac fossa that reduce the blood supply to the graft with a potentially devastating consequence.
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“Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): Efficacy and Safety”

Thu, 05/18/2017 - 00:00
While the effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) on patients with normal functioning kidneys have been widely studied, the outcomes of PCNL in populations with renal insufficiency remains under reported. We aimed to examine the literature and evaluate the efficacy and safety of PCNL in this non-indexed patient group. A systematic search was performed in accordance with Cochrane guidelines. This served to identify original studies investigating PCNL carried out in the adult population with chronic kidney disease published over the past 20 years (since 1997)
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Rare Occurrence of Giant Metastatic Inguinal Lymph Nodes in Carcinoma Bladder

Thu, 05/18/2017 - 00:00
Inguinal lymph node metastasis of a bladder cancer is a rare scenario. Till date, only four cases of inguinal lymph node metastasis from bladder cancer have been reported in the literature. We report a rare giant inguinal lymph node metastasis of transitional cell carcinoma(TCC) of bladder in a patient after radical cystoprostatectomy. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given, but showed no remission.
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Efficacy, Side Effects, and Monitoring of Oral Cyclosporine in Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome

Thu, 05/18/2017 - 00:00
To evaluate the efficacy of oral Cyclosporine A (CyA) in treatment of refractory interstitial cystitis/bladder pain syndrome (IC/BPS) and assess safety using drug level and renal function monitoring.
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Factors Predicting Complications after Sacral Neuromodulation in Children

Tue, 05/16/2017 - 00:00
To identify if any pre-operative variable are associated with post-operative complications after pediatric sacral neuromodulation (SNM).
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Histopathology in Ureteropelvic Junction Obstruction with and Without Crossing Vessels

Tue, 05/16/2017 - 00:00
To determine if the histopathology of the ureteropelvic junction differs between those with and without crossing vessels who present with a ureteropelvic junction obstruction.
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Racial Variation in Semen Quality at Fertility Evaluation

Mon, 05/15/2017 - 00:00
To identify racial differences in semen quality among men living in the same geographic area seeking fertility evaluation.
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A Relevant Mid-Term (12 Months) Placebo Effect on Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms and Maximum Flow Rate in Male LUTS/BPH – a Meta-Analysis

Fri, 05/12/2017 - 00:00
To assess the mid- to long-term placebo effect of medical and instrumental management of male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This is - generally - a long-term treatment strategy. Therefore, knowledge on the mid- to long-term placebo effect is of considerable interest. The paucity of data on this topic prompted us to investigate this issue in a meta-analysis.
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The Obstructed Bladder: Expression of Collagen, Matrix Metalloproteinases, Muscarinic Receptors, Angiogenic and Neurotrophic Factors in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Fri, 05/12/2017 - 00:00
to evaluate gene expression of Collagen, Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP) and Inhibitors, Cholinergic Muscarinic Receptors (CHRM), Angiogenic and Nerve Growth Factors (NGF) in the bladder of patients with Bladder Outlet Obstruction due to Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
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Do Urinary Leakage Circumstances in Women with Urinary Incontinence Correlate with Physician Diagnosis and Urodynamic Results? a Questionnaire Validation Study

Fri, 05/12/2017 - 00:00
To investigate if leakage circumstances collected using the Urinary Leakage Circumstances Questionnaire (ULCQ) are correlated with physician diagnosis and urodynamic results and resolve after surgery.
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Characterization of Late Recurrence after Radical Cystectomy in a Large Multicenter Cohort of Bladder Cancer Patients

Fri, 05/12/2017 - 00:00
To investigate the characteristics and outcomes of late recurrence (LR) in bladder cancer (BCa) patients treated with radical cystectomy (RC) and to identify clinico-pathologic predictors of LR and post-recurrence survival.
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A Rare Case of Intravesical Angiomyofibroblastoma

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 00:00
To study the first reported case of intravesical Angiomyofibroblastoma (AMFB). AMFB is an uncommon benign mesenchymal lesion, mostly described in the lower female genital tract, especially in the vulva and less commonly the vagina. It is rarely seen in the male genital tract. The importance of this rare neoplasm is related to its potential mimicry of more infiltrative and prognostically less favorable lesions, such as aggressive angiomyxomas, that are found in the same anatomic area.
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Overactive Bladder is Strongly Associated with Frailty in Older Individuals

Thu, 05/11/2017 - 00:00
To understand the relationship between age, frailty and overactive bladder (OAB).
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Determining Resident Sleep during and after Call with Commercial Sleep Monitoring Devices

Wed, 05/10/2017 - 00:00
To demonstrate that CAMDs are practical for monitoring resident sleep while on call. Studies that have directly monitored resident sleep are limited, likely due to both cost and difficulty in study interpretation. The advent of wearable commercial activity monitoring devices (CAMDs) that estimate sleep presents the opportunity to more readily evaluate resident sleep in physically active settings and “home call,” an coverage arrangement familiar to urology programs.
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Botryoid Wilms Tumor in a 2-Year-Old Boy: a Case Report

Wed, 05/10/2017 - 00:00
We report a case of botryoid Wilms tumor that occupied the renal pelvis. A 2-year-old boy was referred to us with a chief complaint of macrohematuria. Ultrasonography, Computed tomography and MRI showed tumor occupying the left renal pelvis. Radical nephroureterectomy was performed. The resected specimen showed a botryoid sarcoma-like appearance, with a pedicle attaching to the pelvicalyceal wall, occupying the left renal pelvis. Histologic findings confirmed botryoid Wilms tumor. Postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy was executed.
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Safety Profile of Collagenase Clostridium Histolyticum Stratified by Degree of Penile Curvature in Patients with Peyronie's Disease

Wed, 05/10/2017 - 00:00
To examine the safety of collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) in adult males with penile curvature deformity <30°. Collagenase clostridium histolyticum is indicated for treatment of Peyronie's disease (PD) in adult males with palpable plaque and a penile curvature deformity ≥30° at start of therapy; however, during treatment, patients may receive CCH injections when penile curvature deformity is <30°.
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A Novel Retrieval Technique for Ureteral Stents Under Ultrasound Guidance in Male Patients

Wed, 05/10/2017 - 00:00
To simply retrieve Double-J stents in male patients under ultrasound guidance, a novel technique is developed and evaluated for efficiency, safety and tolerability.
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Robotic Retrocaval Metastasectomy after an Ipsilateral Radical Nephrectomy

Wed, 05/10/2017 - 00:00
Robotic management of a retrocaval metastasis can be challenging due to prior surgery leading to scarring and obscure surgical planes around vital structures. We present our robotic approach and technique to manage a large retrocaval, biopsy proven, metastatic mass after previous laparoscopic right radical nephrectomy with concomitant adrenalectomy 10 years ago.
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