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To assess the post-pubertal outcome of ventral penile curvature repaired in infancy in terms of recurrence and aesthetics.
Men with Severe Oligospermia Appear to Benefit From Varicocele Repair: a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Assisted Reproductive Technology
To evaluate the outcomes of men who underwent varicocelectomy for TMSC < 2 million and to perform a cost effectiveness analysis of IUI and IVF/ICSI after varicocelectomy.
To investigate payment variation for three common urological cancer surgeries and evaluate the potential for applying bundled payment programs to these procedures.
Spontaneous Regeneration of Nerve Fiber and Irreversibility of Corporal Smooth Muscle Fibrosis after Cavernous Nerve Crush Injury: Evidence From Serial Transmission Electron Microscopy and Intracavernous Pressure
To determine the pathophysiological progresses following bilateral cavernous nerve crushing (BCNC) injury, as an index for a treatment point and establishment of adequate treatment strategies for neurogenic erectile dysfunction (ED).
Protective Effect of a Rho-Kinase Inhibitor on Bladder Dysfunction in a Rat Model of Chronic Bladder Ischemia
To investigate the effect of fasudil, a Rho-kinase inhibitor, on chronic ischemia-related bladder dysfunction.
To assess renal function in the operated kidney at different time points post partial nephrectomy (PN) and establish the time in which optimal recovery occurs. Recovery of renal function post-PN has received significant attention. However, the optimal time to determine full recovery has not been clearly established.
Re: Deebel et al.: Prostate Cancer in Transgender Women: Incidence, Etiopathogenesis, and Management Challenges (Urology 2017, http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.1016/j.urology.2017.08.032)
Deebel et al highlight substantial gaps in our understanding of prostate cancer in transgender women. However, clarification and contextualization of terminology and concepts in the article is needed to better serve its purpose of improving care among transgender patients.
This is an important study for its timeliness in addressing a significant need towards the effective use of medical data in various applications including epidemiological investigations and for developing biomarker-associated outcome models. As the authors illustrate, currently available data sources such as the SEER-Medicare data and many electronic medical record systems do not have longitudinal, searchable pathology data as pathology reports are included as text files. As digitized patient data becomes more commonplace, abstraction tools which apply advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning will no doubt enable the automated analysis of pathology records in the future.
Natural History and Conservative Treatment Outcomes for Hydroceles: a Retrospective Review of One Center's Experience
To elucidate epidemiological data and hydrocele progression, we reviewed pediatric patients diagnosed with hydroceles in our institution retrospectively.
Children are at increased risk of renal injuries from blunt trauma. Four phase CT with intravenous contrast (non contrast, arterial, nephrographic, and pyelographic phases) is the choice for initial imaging, although ultrasonography might be used in the children with minimal symptoms. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma developed the known system for renal injury grading, which was modified in 2011. The management of pediatric renal injuries has largely shifted towards conservative means.
Variation in Radiologic and Urologic Computed Tomography Interpretation of Urinary Tract Stone Burden: Results From ReSKU
To compare the measured stone burden recorded between urologists and radiologists, and examine how these differences could potentially impact stone management. As current urologic stone surgery guideline recommendations are based on stone size, accurate stone measurements are crucial to direct appropriate treatment. This study investigated the discrepant interpretation that often exists between urologic surgeons and radiologists' estimation of patient urinary stone burden.
PSA Density is a Good Predictor of Upstaging and Upgrading, According to the New Grading System: the Keys We are Seeking May be Already in Our Pocket.
To analyse the performance of Prostate specific antigen density (PSAD) as a predictor of upstaging and Prognostic Grade Group (PGG) upgrading.
To report our center's experience with Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) pathway for radical cystectomy (RC), specifically evaluating complications, LOS, 30- and 90-day readmissions, and hospital charges. Pathways of this type have been shown to decrease length of stay (LOS) and post-operative ileus. However, concerns persist that ERAS is costly and increases readmissions. To date, limited studies have evaluated these concerns.
Outcomes Following Clinical Complete Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Muscle Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma of the Bladder in Patients Refusing Radical Cystectomy
To investigate survival outcomes of patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) that demonstrate complete clinical response (cT0) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and then reject subsequent radical cystectomy (RC).
To determine the effect of the post-penile surgery illustrated healing atlas on caregivers' anxiety levels pre- and post-operatively, the frequency of family's post-operative communication with the urology care team, and the number of unplanned emergency room (ER) return for wound checks.
To report stricture characteristics, complications, and treatment outcomes among elderly men undergoing urethral reconstruction.
Post-prostatectomy urinary incontinence (PPUI) has significant impact on the quality of life of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy. Stress and overflow incontinence may result from the procedure, with sphincteric incompetence and detrusor hypocontractility implicating their development, respectively. In many cases, treatment begins with conservative approaches, including pelvic floor muscle training/biofeedback. Pharmacotherapy can be used to treat overactive bladder. For stress incontinence, transurethral bulking agents are utilized in select patients, however AUS and male slings are the most efficacious options with good success rates.
ObjectiveTo measure the relative influence of attorney advertising on patient perceptions of pelvic mesh, compared to a history of surgery and a first urology visit.Materials and MethodsA 52-item survey was administered to 170 female patients in two urology offices between 2014 and 2016. Multiple survey items were combined to form scales for benefit and risk perceptions of pelvic mesh, perceptions of the advertising, attitudes towards pelvic mesh, and knowledge of pelvic mesh and underlying medical conditions.
Percutaneous Vesicoscopic Approach for Retrograde Ureteroscopy Following Cohen Cross-Trigonal Ureteral Reimplantation
Obtaining retrograde access into a ureter that has been previously reimplanted in a cross-trigonal fashion can be a challenging procedure. We describe a percutaneous vesicoscopic approach to obtain access into a reimplanted ureter in order to perform ureteroscopy and laser lithotripsy.
Predictive Factors of Overactive Bladder after Artificial Urinary Sphincter Implantation in Men with Post-Prostatectomy Incontinence
To investigate the rates and predictive factors associated with the development of de novo overactive bladder (OAB) and assess the effects of de novo OAB on surgical outcomes after artificial urinary sphincter (AUS).