Urologists and nephrologists both treat kidney problems. Urologists are surgical specialists who focus on anatomical or structural disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. They treat problems such as kidney stones, kidney blockages and kidney cancer. Urologists are qualified to perform surgery and outpatient medical procedures to correct such conditions. Nephrologists are medical specialists who focus on disorders that affect the way the kidneys work such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists prescribe nonsurgical medical treatments for these disorders.
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New research uses cutting-edge technology to study kidney stones. The findings change what we know about their nature, composition, and behavior.
Cipro is an antibiotic that doctors use to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs). For Cipro to work, people must take the full course of the drug and follow their doctor's instructions. But some people may be at risk of severe side effects if they take Cipro, and they may need to consider alternatives. Learn more here.
Physicians need to be aware that men with urologic conditions often have depression and sleep problems and should refer them appropriately, says a study.
New research shows that raising vitamin B-3 levels may benefit patients who have undergone major surgery and are at risk of developing acute kidney injury.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can affect people at any age. However, UTIs are one of the most common causes of infection in older adults. Symptoms of a UTI in older adults may include restlessness, agitation, and confusion. UTIs are treatable with medication. Learn more about UTIs in seniors here.
The pelvic floor is a set of muscles that supports pelvic organs, including the bladder and bowel. These muscles aid urinary control, continence, and orgasm. In this article, learn how to do four exercises that can help strengthen the pelvic floor, including bridge and squats. We also cover which exercises to avoid.
An evaporation line on a pregnancy test is a faint, non-colored line that may appear if a person uses the test incorrectly. In this article, learn to tell the difference between an evaporation line and a positive test result. We also describe how pregnancy tests work and how to prevent evaporation lines from appearing.
The symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer include tiredness, weakness, and pain. Stage 4 is the most advanced stage of cancer. The standard treatment for late-stage cancer is chemotherapy, but treatment will often focus on palliative care. Learn more about the symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer and the survival rate here.
Green poop in kids is usually due to something that they ate, such as leafy greens or food coloring. Diarrhea can also cause green poop. Green poop is rarely a need for worry, and in infants, it is a sign that everything is normal. Learn about the reasons for green poop in babies, toddlers, and children here.
People who have gout, kidney stones, or a similar disorder can often benefit from following a low-purine diet. Purine is a naturally occurring substance, and too much can lead to a buildup of uric acid. In this article, learn which foods to eat and which to avoid to reduce levels of purine in the body.
Proper hydration is essential to overall health. Drinking lime water is a great way to keep hydrated, but it may also help in aiding digestion, improving the skin, and helping promote weight loss. To get some of these benefits, simply add a squeeze of juice or a slice of lime to regular water.
The oatmeal diet is a fad diet that involves eating only or mostly oatmeal. Advocates claim that it can help a person to lose weight quickly, but no evidence suggests that it safe or effective in the long term. Learn about the potential benefits and risks of the oatmeal diet in this article.
Certain situations will trigger an adrenaline rush, which is the release of adrenaline from the adrenal gland. This defense mechanism causes an increased heart rate, sweating, and pupil dilation. People can control an adrenaline rush with slow breathing and calming techniques. Learn more about an adrenaline rush here.
End-stage kidney disease is the last stage of chronic kidney disease when the kidneys stop functioning properly. Without sufficient kidney function, waste products begin to build up in a person's blood, causing a variety of symptoms. In this article, learn about the causes and treatment of end-stage kidney disease.
Prostatitis is an inflammation of the prostate that can cause pain, sexual dysfunction, and urination issues. Chronic prostatitis might last for more than 3 months. Possible causes include bacterial infections and damage to the nerves or muscles in the pelvic area. Treatment often involves antibiotics. Learn more here.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, is the medical term for an enlarged prostate. BPH can cause difficulties with urination. Treatment options for BPH include watchful waiting, medication, minimally invasive procedures, and surgery. Lifestyle changes can also help improve a person’s symptoms. Learn more here.
Antibiotics are a common and effective treatment for urinary tract infections (UTIs), but they come with risks. Some UTIs can go away on their own, and several home remedies can speed up this process. In this article, we discuss the benefits and risks of antibiotics and provide seven home remedies to treat UTIs.
A creatinine blood test measures how much creatinine is in the blood. It is used to check kidney function, and high levels may indicate the kidney is damaged. The procedure involves drawing a small amount of blood for testing, and there is no special preparation necessary. Learn more about the test here.
Lithotripsy is a procedure that uses shock waves or lasers to break down stones in the kidneys, bladder, or ureter. In this article, learn about how the procedure works, the success rate, how to prepare, and what to expect during recovery. We also cover the possible risks and side effects.
It is normal to feel a heaviness or pressure on the vagina or pelvis during pregnancy. The common causes of vaginal or pelvic pressure are different in the early and late trimesters but are not usually cause for concern. In this article, we look at common causes, when to see a doctor, and how to relieve symptoms.