Urologists and nephrologists both treat kidney problems. Urologists are surgical specialists who focus on anatomical or structural disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. They treat problems such as kidney stones, kidney blockages and kidney cancer. Urologists are qualified to perform surgery and outpatient medical procedures to correct such conditions. Nephrologists are medical specialists who focus on disorders that affect the way the kidneys work such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists prescribe nonsurgical medical treatments for these disorders.
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Hepatitis C is a viral infection that can cause substantial liver damage, particularly in the later stages. The treatment and outlook will depend on the progression of the disease. Learn more here.
A doctor may recommend gallbladder removal if other treatments do not provide relief from the symptoms of gallstones. Learn about the procedure and recovery here.
Anticholinergic drugs can help treat a variety of conditions, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, bladder conditions, gastrointestinal disorders, and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In this article, learn about the different types of anticholinergic drugs and their possible side effects.
Blocking an enzyme that limits the activity of the 'anti-aging molecule' NAD+ could be a way to protect the liver and kidneys from damage, study suggests.
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There are many possible causes of painful urination, or dysuria, including bacterial infections and health conditions that place extra pressure on the bladder. Fortunately, most of these potential causes are highly treatable. Learn more about 10 causes of dysuria here, as well as when to see a doctor.
New research uses cutting-edge technology to study kidney stones. The findings change what we know about their nature, composition, and behavior.
Cipro is an antibiotic that doctors use to treat urinary tract infections (UTIs). For Cipro to work, people must take the full course of the drug and follow their doctor's instructions. But some people may be at risk of severe side effects if they take Cipro, and they may need to consider alternatives. Learn more here.
Physicians need to be aware that men with urologic conditions often have depression and sleep problems and should refer them appropriately, says a study.
New research shows that raising vitamin B-3 levels may benefit patients who have undergone major surgery and are at risk of developing acute kidney injury.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) can affect people at any age. However, UTIs are one of the most common causes of infection in older adults. Symptoms of a UTI in older adults may include restlessness, agitation, and confusion. UTIs are treatable with medication. Learn more about UTIs in seniors here.
The pelvic floor is a set of muscles that supports pelvic organs, including the bladder and bowel. These muscles aid urinary control, continence, and orgasm. In this article, learn how to do four exercises that can help strengthen the pelvic floor, including bridge and squats. We also cover which exercises to avoid.
An evaporation line on a pregnancy test is a faint, non-colored line that may appear if a person uses the test incorrectly. In this article, learn to tell the difference between an evaporation line and a positive test result. We also describe how pregnancy tests work and how to prevent evaporation lines from appearing.
The symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer include tiredness, weakness, and pain. Stage 4 is the most advanced stage of cancer. The standard treatment for late-stage cancer is chemotherapy, but treatment will often focus on palliative care. Learn more about the symptoms of stage 4 bladder cancer and the survival rate here.
Green poop in kids is usually due to something that they ate, such as leafy greens or food coloring. Diarrhea can also cause green poop. Green poop is rarely a need for worry, and in infants, it is a sign that everything is normal. Learn about the reasons for green poop in babies, toddlers, and children here.
People who have gout, kidney stones, or a similar disorder can often benefit from following a low-purine diet. Purine is a naturally occurring substance, and too much can lead to a buildup of uric acid. In this article, learn which foods to eat and which to avoid to reduce levels of purine in the body.